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Dynamic Default Values

The DataObject::$defaults array allows you to specify simple static values to be the default value for when a record is created, but in many situations default values needs to be dynamically calculated. In order to do this, the DataObject->populateDefaults()&version=3.1&module=framework) method will need to be overloaded.

This method is called whenever a new record is instantiated, and you must be sure to call the method on the parent object!

A simple example is to set a field to the current date and time:

/**
 * Sets the Date field to the current date.
 */
public function populateDefaults() {
    $this->Date = date('Y-m-d');
    parent::populateDefaults();
}

It's also possible to get the data from any other source, or another object, just by using the usual data retrieval methods. For example:

/**
 * This method combines the Title of the parent object with the Title of this
 * object in the FullTitle field.
 */
public function populateDefaults() {
    if($parent = $this->Parent()) {
        $this->FullTitle = $parent->Title . ': ' . $this->Title;
    } else {
        $this->FullTitle = $this->Title;
    }
    parent::populateDefaults();
}